What elements is the human body made of?

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Ricky Joseph

The human body contains about 20 different elements, most made inside ancient stars. If you deconstruct an 80 kg human into atoms, you will get the following amounts of the different elements:

Oxygen - 52kg

This element makes up more than half the mass of your body, but only a quarter of the atoms.

Carbon - 14.4 kg

The most important structural element, and the reason we are known as carbon-based life forms. About 12 percent of the atoms in your body are carbon.

Hydrogen - 8kg

The hydrogen atoms in your body were formed in the Big Bang. All the others were made inside a star long ago and were flung into space by a supernova explosion. So while you may have heard that we are all stardust, that is not strictly true.

Nitrogen - 2.4 kg

The four most abundant elements in the human body - hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen - account for more than 99 percent of the atoms inside you. They are found throughout the body, primarily as water, but also as components of biomolecules such as proteins, fats, DNA, and carbohydrates.

Calcium - 1.12 kg

Phosphorus - 880g

Sulfur - 200g

Potassium - 200g

Sodium - 120g

Chlorine - 120g

Magnesium - 40g

Magnesium is a key component of superoxide dismutase, one of the most important detoxification enzymes.

Iron - 4.8g

Found in heme, the oxygen-carrying part of the hemoglobin molecule within red blood cells

Fluorine - 3.0g

It hardens teeth, although fluoride is not considered essential to life.

Zinc - 2.6 g

Strontium - 0.37g

Strontium is found almost exclusively in bone, where it can have a beneficial effect on growth and density.

Iodine 0,0128 g

Iodine is an essential component of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. Iodine is the heaviest element required by the human body.

Copper - 0,08g

Copper is a component of many enzymes. Copper deficiency causes neurological and blood disorders.

Manganese - 0,0136 g

Molybdenum - 0,0104 g

Ricky Joseph is a seeker of knowledge. He firmly believes that through understanding the world around us, we can work to better ourselves and our society as a whole. As such, he has made it his life's mission to learn as much as he can about the world and its inhabitants. Joseph has worked in many different fields, all with the aim of furthering his knowledge. He has been a teacher, a soldier, and a businessman - but his true passion lies in research. He currently works as a research scientist for a major pharmaceutical company, where he is dedicated to finding new treatments for diseases that have long been considered incurable. Through diligence and hard work, Ricky Joseph has become one of the foremost experts on pharmacology and medicinal chemistry in the world. His name is known by scientists everywhere, and his work continues to improve the lives of millions.